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Top Medieval Last Names in 2023

European history and civilization, in general, are more closely related to the Medieval period (late 5th to 15th centuries). Medieval surnames had a far more valuable meaning attached to them in Medieval England, so they now effectively derive our surnames. Medieval names usually have something in common, and below are some of the most common surnames and their meanings found in Medieval England.

Top 200+ Medieval Last Names in 2023
Top 200+ Medieval Last Names in 2023

Medieval Last Names and Meanings

These are the most popular medieval family names, arranged alphabetically. Some of you may be interested in noble, fantasy, or royal medieval surnames, so I’ve included these categories at the end of this post.

Medieval Names Start with A

Anderson – Son of AndrewAimar – A famous or noble individual
Atkinson/ Atkins – Son of AtkinArkwright – a person that makes arks
Abbey – someone that works in an abbey

Last Names Start with B

Bryson – Son of BriceBennett – A blessed individual
Bridge – Someone lives by a bridgeBigge – A significant and robust individual
Bell – An individual that lives near a town bellBrewster – Someone who works in a brewery
Brown– Someone with dark-colored hairBrown– Someone with dark-colored hair
Bonner – kind or courteousBauer – peasant
Blythe – Happy or joyousBaker/ Baxter – A bread maker

Medieval Last Names Start with C

Cruikshank – One with bent legsClarke – teacher, a scholar, or a priest
Curtis – An elegant personChapman – Shopkeeper
Chance – A lucky personChandler – A candle maker
Cooper – Someone that made wooden bucketsChamberlain – One that looked after mansions
Collier – coal miner

Last Names Start with D

Dunn – Someone with dark-colored skinDear– One that is loved
Daft – Someone with a mildDempster – Judge
Devine – One that behaved in a divine manner

Last Names Start with E

Erickson – Son of ErickEverett – Brave
Old English Last Names Start with F
Old English Last Names Start with F

Old English Last Names Start with F

Forest – Someone lives by a forestFish/ Fisher – Fisherman or a fish seller
Fox – An individual with red hairFish – Good swimmer
Fox – Crafty person

Old English Last Names Start with G

Grant – Someone greatGardner/ Gardiner – A person that owned a garden
Grey – Someone with grey clothes

Medieval Surnames Start with H

Hill – One who lives by a hillHawk – Someone with a fierce temper
Hughes – Son of HughHarper – Individual who made harps
Hindman – A courteous personHardy – Bold

Names Start with I

Inman – An innkeeper

Medieval Surnames Start with J

Johnson – Son of JohnJenner – Engineer
Jameson – Son of John

Top Surnames Start with K

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Keen – BraveKemp – A jouster
Koch – A cookKitchener – A person that works in the kitchen
Knight – knight
Kocher – A cook
Kennedy – Someone with an ugly face
Knapp – One that lives at the top of a hill

Top Surnames Start with L

London – One that comes from LondonLister – Dyer
Lancaster – One that comes from LancasterLightfoot – Someone that walks rapidly

Best Surnames Start with M

There are many medieval names that can be used for females. And some of them are starting with M.

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Morrison – Son of MorrisMoody – Brave person
Mundy – A person born on MondayMannering – A manly person
Meredith – Descended from MareduddMiller – A person who works in a mill
Morrell – Short person with a dark complexion

Best Last Names Start with N

Norton – One that lives north of a town

Best Surnames Start with P

Here are popular medieval English surnames starting with P. Some of these names are still common in England.

Power – Poor personPayne – A pagan
Puttock – A greedy personPalmer – A pilgrim
Proude – A person who proudPage – A young servant
Park – One who lives by the parkPorter – The doorkeeper
Pratt – The nickname for a tricksterParker – The keeper of the park
Pruitt – A brave and fearless individualPackard – A person that sells stolen goods
Peacock – The nickname for an arrogant person

Best Last Names Start with Q

Quick – An agile person

Top Last Names Start with R

Here are the medieval time’s names that start with the letter R. Some of these old surnames are still popular in the world.

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Russell – One with red hairRyder – A warrior
Robertson – Son of RobertRolfe – A peasant
Russ – a person with red hairRey – Acts like a king
Root – One that is cheerful and happyRose – A person with a rosy complexion
Rose – One who lives in an area where there are many roses

List of Medieval Surnames Start with S

Scrivens – A writerSimson – Son of Simon
Spear – Thin personSullivan – One with a good eyesight
Swift – A messengerShaw – One who lives by the woods
Smith – MetalworkerSommer – One that lives in a sunny area
Sharp – An intelligentStern – Someone that has a severe character
Short – the short personSwann/ Swan – People have known for their purity
Sparks – a lively individualSweet – a nickname for a friendly and pleasant person
Stoddard – A horse keeper
Selly – a blessed individual
Sommer – a cheerful person
Saylor – An acrobat or a dancer
Steele – A person that works steel
Spinner – A person that spins wool
Sommer – Farmer that had to pay taxes in the summer

Last Names Start with T

Terrell – a suborn individualTaylor – A tailor
Truman – a trustworthy personTait – someone cheerful, happy
Tracey – One individual that comes from FranceToller – A person that collected taxes
Tuft – One that lives near many trees and bushesTinker – A person that mends kitchen utensils
Townsend – One who lives on the outskirts of the town

Surnames Start with W

Wild – wildWard – GuardianWare – An astute personWalter – Water-bearerWilliamson – Son of WilliamWainwright – A person that made cartsWallace– a Celt, or a foreigner, a strangerWebb – Weaver – Last names that describe character traitsWhitehead A person with blonde hair – Surnames that indicate family lineage

Last Names Start with Y

York – One that comes from YorkYohe – One who lives near a stream

Medieval Last Names for Nobles

These are the top nobles’ last names and some of these names belong to kings who lived in the Medival age. So, most of these last names are also treated as royal last names.

HenryDacre
HaroldCourteney
GuidevilleClinchamps
GilpinConfessor
FlambardBoleyn
FauconBeauchamp
EvelynBaudry
DamoursArden
De BraoseAltard
Medieval Last Names of Kings and Queens
Medieval Last Names of Kings and Queens

Medieval Last Names of Kings and Queens

Medieval Last Names of Kings and Queens – This is another interesting list you may like to see. Maybe you have a family name that comes from these kings or queens.

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Lackland
Plantagenet
Matilda
Beauclerc
Rufus
Godwinson

These are the most famous medieval kings’ surnames and you can check more details from here.

Medieval Arabic Surnames
Medieval Arabic Surnames

Medieval Arabic Surnames

Arabic surnames can be traced back to the medieval period, and many of them have deep meanings related to personal qualities, occupations, or geographic origins. Here are some examples of medieval Arabic surnames with their meanings:

Al-Farouq: meaning “the one who distinguishes between right and wrong” or “the one who separates truth from falsehood.”

Al-Qadi: meaning “the judge,” indicating that the family had members who held positions of legal authority.

Al-Masri: meaning “the Egyptian,” indicating that the family had roots or connections to Egypt.

Al-Hakim: meaning “the wise,” indicating that the family had members who were known for their wisdom or intelligence.

Al-Razi: meaning “the meticulous” or “the careful,” indicating that the family had members who were known for their attention to detail.

Al-Zahrawi: meaning “the golden one,” indicating that the family had members who were esteemed or admired.

Al-Andalusi: meaning “the Andalusian,” indicating that the family had roots or connections to Andalusia, a region in present-day Spain.

Al-Khazraji: meaning “the green one,” indicating that the family had connections to a green landscape or agricultural region.

Al-Turki: meaning “the Turk,” indicating that the family had roots or connections to the Turkish people or culture.

Al-Jaziri: meaning “the Algerian,” indicating that the family had roots or connections to Algeria.

Al-Azm: meaning “the determined” or “the resolute,” indicating that the family had members who were known for their strong willpower.

Al-Din: meaning “the religion” or “the faith,” indicating that the family had members who were religiously devout.

Al-Jarrah: meaning “the surgeon,” indicating that the family had members who were skilled in the practice of medicine.

Al-Ajami: meaning “the non-Arab” or “the foreigner,” indicating that the family had roots or connections to non-Arab peoples or cultures.

Al-Ash’ari: meaning “the Ash’arite,” indicating that the family adhered to the theological teachings of the Ash’arite school of Islamic thought.

Al-Farsi: meaning “the Persian,” indicating that the family had roots or connections to Persia (modern-day Iran).

Al-Qurashi: meaning “the Qurayshi,” indicating that the family claimed descent from the Quraysh tribe, to which the Prophet Muhammad belonged.

Al-Sufi: meaning “the Sufi,” indicating that the family had members who followed the mystical path of Sufism.

Al-Sharif: meaning “the noble” or “the honorable,” indicating that the family had members who were highly respected or held positions of honor.

Al-Tayyib: meaning “the good” or “the pure,” indicating that the family had members who were known for their virtuous qualities.

It’s important to note that Arabic surnames can have variations in spelling and pronunciation, depending on the region and dialect.

Medieval Arabic Last Names

During the Medival era, there was a similar cultural approach in Arabian countries around 900–1300 CE. There were popular Muslim family names used during that period.

  • Auriya
  • Aban
  • Bazzu
  • Dhayl
  • Gamama
  • Halhal
  • Jasib
  • Jalib
  • Mahua
  • Narjis

There are many online sources you can refer to find medieval Arabic last names. You can get more details from the above link if you are interested.

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